António Manuel Hespanha Botelho



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Summarized CV of António Manuel Hespanha Botelho

(b. Coimbra, 1945) is a Portuguese jurist and historian [1].


After a graduation and a postgraduate degree in Law (University of Coimbra) and Ph.D. in and Political and Institutional History of Modern Age (Faculty for Humanities and Social Sciences, he followed the academic career In Coimbra and Lisbon [1].
As one of the most quoted international historians [1], he is considered, along with Bartolomé Clavero (Seville) and other Italian and Spanish historians, one of the great reformers of institutional and political history of the Iberian countries and their colonial extensions. "The strong influence of his ideas on the younger generations of historians and jurists can be seen easily and consistently in many studies developed mainly in Portugal and Brazil, but also in several other European countries and in the United States. "[2]
Apart from numerous dispersed collaboration in academic journals, Portuguese and foreign, and many translations and important books in the field of History of Law, Hespanha has an extensive bibliography on his themes – institutional and constitutional history, early modern history, lately theory of law [3].
Work and influence

António Manuel Hespanha is the author of numerous articles and books on history of law and institutions, the best known being probably "As Vésperas do Leviatã", a broad canvas of the ideas and political practices of the Ancien Regime in Portugal )mainly 17th century) [4] [5] This book has been complemented by studies of detail, to identify points of rupture between the political and legal organization of the Ancien Regime and modernity. The first ones were collected in the book "La gracia del derecho. Economía de la Cultura en la Edad Moderna. "[6] [7] Later studies, thematically more homogeneous around the language of social subalternization were in Brazil " Imbecillitas. The Beatitudes of inferiority in the societies of the Old Regime. " (2010) The most recent studies on social, political and logical law of the early modern law and institutions explored the consistency of his previous explanatory paradigm to Brazilian colonial society, having been collected in the book "O caleidoscópio do Antigo Regime" (2010) [2]


In the field of history of law, his book "European legal culture. Synthesis of a millennium " (1996), [8] [9] [10] was published in several languages (Portuguese, Italian, Chinese and Castilian), being adopted as a reference text in several universities.
Extending their studies of institutional and legal history for the 19th century, Hespanha published a long essay on the political and legal system of constitutional monarchy Portuguese ("Guando a mão invisível. Direitos, lei e Estado no liberalism monárquico Português” (2004) highlighting the inconsistency of the labels "liberal" and "legalistic" pervasively attached to the politico-legal system of this period. [11] [12] In a later version, highly modified, published in Brazil ("Hercules confundido. Sentidos Improváveis e Variados do Constitucionalismo Oitocentista. O Caso Português”) (2009), he added a critical look at the constitutional innovations of the first Portuguese constitutionalism (" Vintismo "), in line with what has been recently proposed to the Spanish constitutionalism of Cadiz (1812) by some recent Spanish constitutional history [13].
In the last decade has published a book on jurisprudence, serving as an introduction to the study of law, with a strong theoretical component, strongly influenced by pluralistic and realistic approaches (“O caleidoscópio do direito. O direito e a justiça nos dias e no mundo de hoje”). In this book, he sketches a criticai review of the more traditional legal dogmatic, taking in special account the theoretical contributions of Herbert Lionel Hart, Jürgen Habermas and Niklas Luhmann, who, in his opinion, demand a thorough revision of established theories, both of the sources of law and of the legal norm. Accordingly, Hespanha stresses the idea that rules of law must be provided with an adequate verifiability that prevents arbitrary identification, interpretation, application and dogmatic construction. In this sense, he offers a positivist realism, post-statist but still bound to a democratic legitimation of law, although theoretically built as an alternative to that usual under the empire of classic nation state. [Citation needed]
From a methodological point of view, Hespanha shares the historical stream marked by the idea of "historical rupture”, which emphasizes the otherness of the cultural, political and legal models systems of pre-contemporary historical periods, deriving from here a critical of history, as a tool for deconstruct the pretensions of contemporary law and politics of having reached universal and ahistorical forms of social intervention and regulation [14].
Career

Degree and a postgraduate degree in Law (Historical and Legal Sciences), University of Coimbra, where he was assistant professor to Roman Law (1968-1974).


Director-General of Higher Education (1974-1975) and Inspector-General of the Ministry of Higher Education (1975-1978) [1].
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon (1978-1986).
Professor of Institutional Early Modern History, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (1985), where he obtained his PhD (1987), with a dissertation after published under the title " “Las vísperas del Leviathan. Instituciones y poder politico (Portugal, siglo XVII)” [15] and “agregação” (1994) on "Institutional and political History (XIV-XVIII centuries)”,
In 1988 he became researcher at the Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, where he still has the honorific title of “investigador honorário” [3]. Since 1999 he is Professor at Universidade Nova de Lisboa, [3], where he teaches subjects of Legal History and Jurisprudence .
Between 1995 and 1998 he was Executive Commissar of the National Commission for the Commemoration of Portuguese Discoveries (CNCDP). [3] [1]
He was a visiting professor at Yale University, the Universidade Autónoma de Madrid, Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, University of Messina, University of Macao [3] and Universidade Autónoma de Lisbon (Departments of History and Law), Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brasil, Universidade Federal de Minas Gearis, Belo Horizonte, Brasil, as well as Directeur d ' Études Invité at the Ecole des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, where he gave, in 1997, the inaugural lecture of the academic year (March Bloch Conférences) [16] and visiting scholar at the Robbins Collection, Law School, University of California, Berkeley.
Hespanha is a foreign correspondent member of the Instituto Histórico-Geográfico at Rio de Janeiro (2003) [17] and of he Instituto de Investigaciones de Historia del Derecho, at Buenos Aires (2003) [18].
Former Member of the Conseil Scientifique of the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme (Paris) and former elected a foreign member of Conseil Scientifique du Conseil National pour la Recherche Scientifique (France). Former Chairman of the Conselho Científico of the Foundation for Science and Technology (Social Sciences and Humanities). CEDIS Peer Reviewer of the European Science Foundation for the Humanities area (since 2008). Reviewer of the Ministry of Education of Spain for the program Consolider (since 2008) [3].
Grand Officer of the Order of Santiago da Espada (2000). [19] and Award Totta / Universidade de Coimbra (2005) [20].
As student, he was militant of the Catholic Youth. Later on (1974-1996), member of of the Portuguese Communist Party (until 1988). Subsequently occasionally supported the Bloco de Esquerda. In 2000 supported President Jorge Sampaio (socialist) for a second term as President and, in 2004, he was member of the Comissão de Honra of Mário Soares’ (unsuccessful) electoral campaign for President. [Citation needed]
Refeences

  1. a b c d e Porto Editora (2003-2010). [http:// URL: http://www.infopedia.pt/$antonio-hespanha António Hespanha. In Infopédia [Em linha]. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003-2010.]. Page wiewd in 25.10.2010.

  2. a b Paiva, Eduardo França; “Apresentação”, in Hespanha, António Manuel – “Imbecillitas. As bem-aventuranças da inferioridade nas sociedades de antigo regime”; São Paulo, Annablume; 2010 (p. 9).

  3. a b c d e f Site of the Faculdade de Direito da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Nova de Lisboa - corpo docente. Curriculum Vitae de A. M. Hespanha. PDF. Page wiewd in 25.10.2010.

  4. Reviews and comments: Journal of modern history (J. Kirchner), 1990, (B. Clavero); Annales. Économies. Sociétés. Civilisations, 1991, 502-505 (J.-F. Schaub); Ius commune, 1990, 433-435 (R. Rowland); auto-recensão, Scienza e politica, 1991 (A. M. Hespanha); American Journal of Modern History, Feb. 1992, 221-222 (Carl A. Hanson); Latin American Research Review, 31(1996), pp. 113-134 (S. Schwartz).

  5. Comment: G. Petraglia, "«Stato» e «moderno» in Italia e nel Rinascimento”, in Storica, 8 (1997).

  6. Reviews and comments: (recensões: Journal of modern history, 67 (1995), p. 758-759 (J. Kirschner). Comments: José Ignacio Lacasta Zabalza, “Antiformalismo jurídico Fin de siglo": su gracia e inconvenientes. Contraponto jurídico y moderadamente formalista al ideario plenamente antiformalista de Antonio Hespanha", Ius fugit, 3/4 (1994-1995), pp. 437 456; Carlos Petit, “Estado de Dios, gracia de Hespanha”, Quaderni fiorentini per la st. del pensiero giuridico moderno, 1998 (also in Initium. Revista Catalana d'Història del Dret. 1 [Homenatge al prof. Josep M. Gay i Escoda] (1996); Javier Barrientos (Revista chilena de historia del derecho, 17, Santiago, 1992-1993, pp. 225-226); Javier Barrientos Grandon, La Gracia Del Derecho.

  7. Economía de la Cultura en la Edad Moderna, Madrid, 1993, por Antonio Manuel Hespanha, in Revista Chilena de Historia del Derecho, 17, Santiago, 1992-1993, pp. 225-226 (http://www.idr.unipi.it/iura-communia/Bibl_JBG.html).

  8. (modifed Portuguese edition [3ª]; Chinese ed., [Pequim, 1997]; Italian ed. [“Storia della cultura giuridica europea”, Il Mulino, Bolonha, 1998]; Spanish ed. [“Historia de la cultura jurídica europeia. Síntesis de un milénio”, 2002, Tecnos, Madrid]; Brazilian ed. [“Cultura jurídica europeia. Síntese de um milénio”, Florianópolis, UFSC-Fundação Boiteux, 2005, 2008] (1st Portuguese ed., “Panorama da história da cultura jurídica europeia”, Lisboa, Europa-América, 1997).

  9. Review: “Quaderni fiorentini per la storia del pensiero giuridico moderno”, 1999 (Antonio Serrano González); “Prudentia Iuris”, nº 52 (Ezequiel Abásolo); also in [1]

  10. Mineo, E. Igor - “Mineo legge Hespanha” (review to A. M. Hespanha, "Introduzione alla storia del diritto europeo", II Mulino, Bologna 1999, Storica, vol. 15(1999), pp. 146-151.

  11. V. review: Paulo Ferreira begin_of_the_skype_highlighting     end_of_the_skype_highlighting da Cunha, “Du mythe du libéralisme au Portugal”, Quaderni firentini per la Storia del Pensiero Giuridico Moderno, 33/34 (2005) pp. 1279-1284

  12. Martínez Pérez, Fernando - “Los dos Hespanhas”, em Historia Constitucional (e-journal), nº 6, 2005) [2].

  13. V. Garriga, Carlos, e Lorente, Marta; Cadiz, 1812. La Constitución jurisdiccional. Madrid: Centro de Estúdios Políticos y Constitucionales, 2007.

  14. V. Cultura jurídica europeia,. cit., “Prefácio” e chaps. 1 a 3.

  15. Madrid, Tecnos, 1989; (Portuguese version, Coimbra, Almedina, 1994)

  16. V. http://cmb.ehess.fr/index.html

  17. V. http://www.ihgb.org.br/ihgb3.php?s=C&o=1

  18. http://www.inhide.com.ar/identidad_institucional/miembros.html

  19. http://www.ordens.presidencia.pt/pdf/anuario1975_2007.pdf

  20. http://www.uc.pt/media_uc/pr_0801/080118P1.pdf.


Bibliografia. Published books.

  1. "A História do Direito na História Social"; Lisboa, Livros Horizonte, 1977.

  2. "História das Instituições. Épocas medieval e moderna"; Coimbra, Almedina, 1982.

  3. "Poder e Instituições na Europa do Antigo Regime" (preface and selection of texts), Lisboa, Gulbenkian, 1984.

  4. "Poder e Instituições no Antigo Regime. Guia de Estudo" Lisboa, Cosmos, 1992.

  5. "Lei, Justiça, Litigiosidade. História e prospectiva"; Lisboa, Gulbenkian, 1993.

  6. "La gracia del derecho. Economía de la Cultura en la Edad Moderna "; Madrid, Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, 1993.

  7. "As Vésperas do Leviathan. Instituições e Poder Político. Portugal, séc. XVIII"; Coimbra, Almedina, 1994; (Castilian ed., Madrid, Tecnos, 1989).

  8. "A História de Portugal" (ed. José Mattoso), vol. IV (O Antigo Regime)(author and ed.); Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 1994.

  9. "História de Portugal moderno. Político-institucional"; Lisboa, Universidade Aberta, 1995; (Brazilian ed., 2006).

  10. "Cultura Jurídica Europeia. Síntese de um milénio", Lisboa, Europa-América, 1996; (ed. italiana, 2000; Castillan ed., 2002; ed. brasileira, 2005).

  11. "Panorama da História Institucional e Jurídica de Macau", Macau, Fundação Macau, 1995.

  12. "Há 500 anos. Três anos de comemorações dos descobrimentos portugueses", Lisboa, Comissão dos Descobrimentos, 1999.

  13. "O orientalismo em Portugal". Catálogo da exposição (organização), Lisboa, Comissão dos Descobrimentos, 2000.

  14. "O Milénio português. Séc. XVII", Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 2001.

  15. "Feelings of justice in the Chinese community of Macao" (author e ed.), 2003.

  16. "História militar de Portugal", vol. II (Época moderna) (ed.), Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 2004.

  17. "Guiando a mão invisível. Direito, Estado e lei no liberalismo monárquico português", Coimbra, Almedina, 2004.

  18. Inquérito aos sentimentos de justiça num ambiente urbano” (author and ed.); Lisboa, Ministério da Justiça, GPLP, 2005.

  19. O direito dos letrados”; Florianópolis, Fundação Boiteux, 2006.

  20. O caleidoscópio do direito. O direito e a justiça nos dias e no mundo de hoje”; Almedina Editores, 2007; 2nd modified ed., 2009.

  21. Hércules Confundido. Sentidos Improváveis e Variados do Constitucionalismo Oitocentista. O Caso Português”; Curitiba, Juruá, 2009.

  22. Imbecillitas. As bem-aventuranças da inferioridade nas sociedades de Antigo Regime”; São Paulo, Annablume, 2010.

  23. A política perdida - Ordem e Governo Antes da Modernidade"; Curitiba, Juruá Editora, 2010.

  24. O caleidoscópio do Antigo Regime”; São Paulo, Alameda, 2010.

  25. Portuguese translation of works of Franz Wieacker, John Gilissen, Arthur Kaufmann & Winfried Hassemer and Horst Dippel.

  26. Coordination (with Cristina Nogueira da Silva) of the project “Arquivos Digitais da História do Direito Português” (digitalization of the Portuguese legal literature of the 19th century: www.fd.unl.pt)


Extensive reviews of Hespanha’s work.

  1. Zabalza, José Ignacio Lacasta - “Antiformalismo jurídico "Fin de siglo": su gracia e inconvenientes. Contraponto jurídico y moderadamente formalista al ideario plenamente antiformalista de Antonio Hespanha", Ius fugit, 3/4 (1994-1995), (pp. 437-456).

  2. Torre, Angelo begin_of_the_skype_highlighting     end_of_the_skype_highlighting - “Percorsi della pratica. 1966-1995”, Studi storici, 1995, (pp. 799-829).

  3. Bizzochi, Roberto - “Storia debile, storia forte”, Storia, 1996, (pp. 93-114).

  4. Petit, Carlos - “Estado de Dios, gracia de Hespanha”, Quaderni fiorentini per la st. del pensiero giuridico moderno, 1998 (also in Initium. Revista Catalana d'Història del Dret nº1) [Homenatge al prof. Josep M. Gay i Escoda] (1996).

  5. Fonseca, Ricardo Marcelo – “Direito e história: relações entre concepções de história, historiografia e a história do direito a partir da obra de António Manuel Hespanha”; Curitiba, Dezembro 1997.

  6. Petraglia, G. - "«Stato» e «moderno» in Italia e nel Rinascimento”, in Storica, 8 (1997).

  7. Mineo, E. Igor - “Mineo legge Hespanha” (review to A.M. Hespanha, "Introduzione alla storia del diritto europeo", II Mulino, Bologna 1999), Storica, vol. 15, 1999,(pp. 146-151).

  8. Martínez Pérez, Fernando - “Los dos Hespanhas” (review to A.M. Hespanha, "Guiando a mão invisível. Direitos, Estado e Lei no liberalismo monárquico português", Coimbra, Almedina, 2004, 588 pp.) (Historia Constitucional (e-journal), nº 6, 2005.


See also.

  1. Paolo Grossi

  2. Bartolomé Clavero

  3. História do Direito


External links.

  1. Curriculum Vitae of A. M. Hespanha in the website of the Faculdade de Direito da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Nova de Lisboa (corpo docente)[3]

  2. Historia Constitucional (e-journal), n. 6, 2005.[4]

  3. Gabinete de Comunicação e Identidade da Universidade de Coimbra [5]

  4. António Hespanha. In Infopédia [on line]. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003-2010. [6].

  5. http://www.ordens.presidencia.pt/pdf/anuario1975_2007.pdf

  6. From "http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_Manuel_Hespanha"

  7. Categorias: Naturais de Coimbra | Juristas de Portugal | Historiadores de Portugal | Professores de Portugal


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