Degree in Juridical and Social Sciences, Law School of Maranhão.
Married to Marly Macieira Sarney.
Three children: Roseana Sarney Murad, Fernando José Macieira Sarney, and José Sarney Filho.
President of the Federal Senate (1995-97, 2003-05, and 2009-11).
Senator of the Republic representing the state of Amapa (1991-99, 1999-2007, and 2007-15).
President of the Republic (1985-90).
Vice-president of the Republic (1985).
Senator of the Republic, representing the state of Maranhão (1971-79 and 1979-85).
Governor of the State of Maranhão (1966-1970).
- Member of the House of Representatives (1956-59, 1959-6, and 1963-65)
Literary, journalistic, and cultural activities
Member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters (since 1980), Member of the Maranhão Academy of Letters (since 1952), and Member of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences (1986).
Columnist and commentator in the newspapers Diário de Pernambuco and Correio do Ceará, magazines Senhor, Cruzeiro, and Ilha, Maranhão (1948), and newspapers Jornal do Brasil, O Globo, O Estado do Maranhão, and Folha de S. Paulo; in the latter he has been writing a weekly column since1982.
Member of the organization InterAction Council, established by Takeo Fukuda (Japan) and Helmut Schmidt (Germany) that gathers 40 former Heads of State and Heads of Government.
- Member of the Board of Fundação Santillana, Spain
Literary Works (Poetry, Novels, Non-fiction)
A Canção Inicial. Poetry. São Luís: Afluente, 1952.
Norte das Águas. Tales. São Paulo: Martins Editora, 1969. 2ª. ed. With an essay by Josué Montello, Léo Gilson Ribeiro, and Luci Teixeira. Rio de Janeiro: Artenova, 1980. 3ª. ed. Lisboa, Ed. Livros do Brasil, 1980. 4ª. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Editora José Olympio, 1993. 5ª. ed. São Paulo: Ed. Siciliano, 2001. 6ª. ed. São Paulo: Ed. Siciliano, 2003.
Marimbondos de Fogo. Poetry. Rio de Janeiro: Artenova, 1978. 2ª. ed., Lisboa: Bertrand, 1986. 3ª. ed., Rio de Janeiro: Alhambra, 1987. 4ª. Ed. São Paulo: Siciliano, 2002.