Porcellanidae



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Malacostraca - Eucarida

PORCELLANIDAE

VALERIA G. VELOSO

Instituto de Biologia

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Family Porcellanidae Haworth, 1825

Genus Megalobrachium Stimpson, 1858

Megalobrachium mortenseni Haig, 1962

Synonymy: Haig, 1962: 189; Veloso, 1993: 175.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1962: 189.

References: Haig, 1962: 189, figs. 2-5; Gore, 1970: 965; 1982: 6; Coelho, 1963: 59; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 175; 1977/78: 244; Veloso, 1993: 175.

Geographic distribution: Eastern Pacific and Western Atlantic. Brazil (from PA to SP).

Comments: Coastal region, under rocks.
Megalobrachium roseum (Rathbun, 1990)

Synonymy: Rathbun, 1900: 148; Haig, 1960: 225; Veloso, 1993: 175.

Description and diagnosis: Rathbun, 1900: 148; Haig, 1960: 225.

References: Haig, 1956: 35; Haig, 1966: 354; Coelho, 1963/64: 66; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 175; Gore, 1982: 7.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from MA to SP).

Comments: On coral reefs and under rocks in intertidal zone.
Megalobrachium soriatum (Say, 1818)

Synonymy: Williams, 1984: 240; Veloso, 1993: 175.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1960: 229; Williams, 1965: 112.

References: Coelho, 1963/64: 60; Haig, 1966: 356; Coelho & Ramos,1972: 175; Williams, 1965: 112, fig. 89; 1984: 240, fig. 175; Veloso, 1993: 175.

Geographic distribution: Eastern Pacific and Western Atlantic. Brazil (from CE to SP).

Comments: On coral reefs, in sponges and calcareous algae.

Genus Minyocerus Stimpson, 1858



Minyocerus angustus (Dana, 1852)

Synonymy: Rathbun, 1900: 48; Haig, 1956: 30; 1966: 353; Veloso, 1993: 176.

Description and diagnosis: Rathbun, 1900: 48; Haig, 1956: 30; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 138.

References: Haig, 1956: 30; 1966: 353; Gore, 1970: 967; 1974: 705; Coelho, 1963: 61; 1972: 174; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 138, figs. 8, 14; Werding, 1983: 4; Veloso, 1993: 176.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from PA to SC).

Comments: On echinoderms occurring on sand bottoms in intertidal zone.

Genus Pachycheles Stimpson, 1858



Pachycheles ackleianus A. Milne-Edwards, 1880.

Synonymy: Milne-Edwards, 1880: 36; Werding, 1977: 174.

Description and diagnosis: A. Milne Edwards, 1880: 36; A. Milne Edwards & Bouvier, 1923: 295.

References: Coelho, 1964: 255; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 173; Werding, 1977: 174, fig. 10; Veloso, 1993: 176.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from PA to BA).

Comments: On coral reefs, in sponges and calcareous algae.

Pachycheles chubutensis Boschi, 1963

Synonymy: Boschi, 1963: 35; Veloso, 1993: 177.

Description and diagnosis: Boschi, 1963: 35; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 135.

References: Boschi, 1963: 35, figs. 2, 3a, e, g; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 135, figs. 3-4, 17-21; Veloso, 1993: 177.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SC, RS).

Comments: On sand bottoms.

Pachycheles greeleyi (Rathbun, 1900)

Synonymy: Rathbun, 1900: 147; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 3.

Description and diagnosis: Rathbun, 1900: 147; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 3.

References: Rathbun, 1900: 147; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 3; Haig, 1966: 352; Coelho, 1963: 52; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 173; Veloso, 1993: 177.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from PA to ES).

Comments: In intertidal zone, under rocks.
Pachycheles haigae Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1960

Synonymy: Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1960: 21; Veloso, 1993: 177.

Description and diagnosis: Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1960: 21; Boschi, 1963: 32; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 134.

References: Haig, 1966: 353; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1960: 21, figs. 1-4; 1965: 7; Boschi, 1963: 32, figs. 1, 3; Coelho, 1963: 64; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 173; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 134, figs. 2, 11; Veloso, 1993: 177.

Geographic distribution: Brazil (from PE to RS).

Comments: In intertidal zone, under rocks, on algae and mussel beds.

Pachycheles monilifer (Dana, 1852)

Synonymy: Haig, 1956: 13; 1960: 160; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 4; Veloso, 1993: 171.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1960: 160; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 4.

References: Haig, 1960: 160; 1966: 353; Coelho, 1963: 53; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 172; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 4; Veloso, 1993: 178.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from RN to SC).

Comments: In intertidal zone, under rocks.
Pachycheles riisei (Stimpson, 1858)

Synonymy: Haig, 1956: 12; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 6; Werding, 1984: 6; Veloso, 1993: 178.

Description and diagnosis: Rathbun, 1900: 146; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1965: 6.

References: Rathbun, 1900: 146; Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1956: 6; Coelho, 1963: 54; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 172; Werding, 1984: 6; Veloso, 1993: 178.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (FN, PB?, ES?, SP)

Comments: In intertidal zone, under rocks and in corals.
Pachycheles rugimanus A. Milne-Edwards, 1880

Synonymy: Milne-Edwards, 1880: 36; Haig, 1956: 12; Williams, 1965: 108; 1984: 242.

Description and diagnosis: Milne-Edwards, 1880: 36; Williams, 1984: 242.

References: Coelho, 1964: 255; Williams, 1965: 108; 1984: 242, fig. 177; Veloso, 1993: 178.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (AP, PA).

Comments: On calcareous algae bottoms and coral reefs.

Genus Petrolisthes Stimpson, 1858



Petrolisthes amoenus (Guérin-Meneville, 1855)

Synonymy: Haig, 1956: 25; 1966: 352; Werding, 1984: 7; Veloso, 1993: 179.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1956: 25; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 173; Werding, 1984: 7.

References: Haig, 1956: 25; 1966: 352; Coelho, 1963: 56; Gore, 1974: 707, fig. 3; Werding, 1984: 7; Veloso, 1993: 179.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from MA to BA).

Comments: On coral reefs, in calcareous algae and sponges.
Petrolisthes armatus (Gibbes, 1850)

Synonymy: Haig, 1956: 19; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 136; Veloso, 1993: 179.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1960: 50; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 136.

References: Haig, 1960: 50, pl. 19, fig. 2; Coelho, 1963: 55; Coelho & Ranos, 1972: 173; Gore, 1974: 709; 1802: 13; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 136; Veloso, 1993: 179.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from MA to SC).

Comments: In intertidal zone, under rocks, anthozoans, sponges, and mussel and oyster beds.

Petrolisthes galathinus (Bosc, 1801-1802)

Synonymy: Haig, 1956: 22; 1960: 36; 1966: 352; Veloso, 1993: 179.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1960: 36; Gore, 1982: 13; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 137.

References: Schmitt, 1935: 186; Haig, 1956: 22; 1960: 36, pl. 19, fig. 4; Haig, 1966: 352; Coelho, 1963: 56; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 74; Gore, 1970: 965; 1974: 712; Werding, 1984: 10; Williams, 1984: 243, fig. 178; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 137; Veloso, 1993: 179.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from PA to RS).

Comments: In intertidal zone, under rocks, corals, sponges, zoanthids, Rhizophora, and Avicenia roots.
Petrolisthes marginatus Stimpson, 1859

Synonymy: Haig, 1960: 47; Werding, 1984: 12; Veloso, 1993: 180.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1960: 47; Werding, 1984: 12; Gore, 1983: 93.

References: Haig, 1960: 47, pl. 20, fig. 1; Gore, 1983: 89, fig. 1; 1982: 17; Veloso, 1993: 180.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (FN).

Comments: In shallow waters, under rocks.
Petrolisthes rosariensis Werding, 1978

Synonymy: Werding, 1978: 214; Veloso, 1993: 180.

Description and diagnosis: Werding, 1978: 214; 1982: 439.

References:Werding, 1978: 214; 1982: 439; 1983: 410; Veloso, 1993: 180.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PB, PE, AL, BA).

Comments: On coral reefs and calcareous algae, rarely under rocks.

Genus Pisidia Leach, 1820



Pisidia brasiliensis Haig, 1968

Synonymy: Haig in Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1968: 406; Veloso, 1993: 180.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1960: 406.

References: Rodrigues-da-Costa, 1968: 406; Veloso, 1993: 180.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from PA to SP).

Comments: On sand bottoms, under rocks.

Genus Polyonyx Stimpson, 1858



Polyonyx gibbesi Haig, 1956

Synonymy: Haig, 1956: 28; Williams, 1965: 113.

Description and diagnosis: Haig, 1956: 26; Williams, 1965: 113; 1984: 244; Silva Braga & D'Incao, 1989.

References: Haig, 1956: 26; Williams, 1965: 113; 1984: 244, fig. 179; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989; Veloso, 1993: 181.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from CE to RS).

Comments: Under rocks, in thin sandy and mud bottoms, up to 15 meters deep. Usually is found in Chaetopterus variopedalis tubes.

Genus Porcellana Lamarck, 1801



Porcellana platycheles (Pennant, 1777)

Synonymy: Bouvier, 1940: 178; Veloso, 1993: 181.

Description and diagnosis: Pennant, 1777: 52; Bouvier, 1940: 178.

References: Veloso, 1993: 181.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (SP).

Comments: On gravel and sandy bottoms, under rocks.
Porcellana sayana (Leach, 1820)

Synonymy: Haig, 1966: 354; Veloso, 1993: 182.

Description and diagnosis: Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 139; Williams, 1984: 245.

References: Coelho, 1963: 62; 1964: 255; Haig, 1966: 354; Coelho & Ramos, 1972: 175; Gore, 1982: 23; Werding, 1983: 7; Williams, 1984: 245, fig. 180; Silva, Braga & D'Incao, 1989: 139, figs. 9, 13; Veloso, 1993: 182.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (from AM to RS).

Comments: In intertidal zone, mud, shell and sand bottoms; commensal of hermit crabs and of the gastropod Strombus gigas.
Porcellana sigsbeiana A. Milne-Edwards, 1880

Synonymy: Milne-Edwards, 1880: 35; Williams, 1965: 111.

Description and diagnosis: Milne-Edwards, 1880: 35; Williams, 1965: 111; 1984: 246.

References: Williams, 1965: 111, fig. 88; 1984: 246, fig. 181.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: On echinoderms.

References

Bosc, L.A. 1801-1802. Histoire naturalle des crustacés contenant leur description et leurs moeurs; avec figures et dessines d'aprés nature. 1, Paris, 258 pp, 8 pls.

Boschi, E.E. 1963. Sobre dos especies de Pachycheles de la Argentina. Neotropica 9: 31-37.

Bouvier, E.L. 1940. Decapodes marcheurs. Faune de France 37: 1-1404, pls. 1-14.

Coelho, P.A. 1963-1964. Lista dos Porcellanidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) do litoral de Pernambuco e Estados vizinhos. Trabalhos do Instituto Oceanográfrico da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 5/6: 51-68.

Coelho, P.A. & Ramos, M. de 1972. A constituição da fauna de decapodos do litoral leste da América do Sul entre as latitudes de 5ºN e 39ºS. Trabalhos Oceanográfricos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 13: 133-236.

Dana, J.D. 1852. Crustacea. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842, under the command of Charles Wilkes 13(1): 1-685.

Gibbes, L.R. 1850. On the carcinological collections of the United States, and an enumeration of species contained in them, with notes on the most remarkable, and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of Third Meeting of American Association for the Advancement of Science 3: 167-201.

Gore, R.H. 1970. Pachycheles cristobalensis sp. nov. with notes on the porcellanid crabs of the soutwestern Caribbean. Bulletin of Marine Science 20: 957-970.

Gore, R.H. 1974. Biological results of the University of Miami Deep Sea Expeditions. 102: On a small collection of porcellanid crabs from the Caribbean Sea (Crustacea, Decapoda. Anomura). Bulletin of Marine Science 24: 700-721.

Gore, R.H. 1982. Porcellanid crabs from the coasts of Mexico and Central America (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 363: 1-34.

Gore, R.H. 1983. The identity of Petrolistes marginatus Stimpson, 1859, and the description of Petrolisthes dissimulatus n.sp. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Porcellanidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96(1): 89-102.

Guérin-Méneville, F.E. 1855. Atlas de zoologia. Crustaceos, aragnides y insectos. In: la Sagra, R. de (ed.). Historia fisica, politica y natural de la Isla de Cuba. Paris, 8, 20 pls.

Haig, J. 1956. The Galatheidea (Crustacea, Anomura) of the Allan Hancock Atlantic Expedition with a review of the Porcellanidae of the western North Atlantic. Report. Allan Hancock Atlantic Expedition 8: 1-44, 1 pl.

Haig, J. 1960. The Porcellanidae (Crustacea, Anomura) of the eastern Pacific. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 24: 1-440.

Haig, J. 1962. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914-1916, LXXIX. Porcellanid crabs from eastern and western America. Videnskabelige Meddelser fra Dansk Naturhisrousk Forening i Kyobenhavn 124: 171-192, figs. 1-5.

Haig, J. 1966. Porcellanid crabs (Crustacea, Anomura). Resultats Scientifique des Campagnes de la "Calypso" 7(2): 351-358.

Haig, J. 1988. Eastern Pacific Expedition of the New York Zoological Society. Porcellanid crabs (Crustacea:Anomura) from the west coast of tropical America. Zoologica, Scientific Contributions to the New York Zoological Society 53(2): 57-74.

Leach, W.E. 1820. Galatéadées. Dictionnaire de Sciences Naturelles 18: 49-56.

Milne-Edwards, A. 1880. Reports on the results of dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, and in the Caribbean Sea, 1877, 78, 79, by the U.S. Coast Survey Steamer " Blake ", Lieut.-Commander C.D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., and Commander J.R. Bartlett, U.S.N., commanding. VIII. Études préliminaires sur les Crustacés. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 8: 1-68, 1-2 pls.

Milne Edwards, A & Bouvier, E.L. 1923. Reports on the results of dredging in the Gulf of Mexico (1877-1878), in the Caribbean Sea (1878-1879), and along the Atlantic coast of the United States (1880), by the U.S. Coast Survey Steamer "Blake". XLVII. Les porcelanidés et les brachyures. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 47: 283-395, 1-12 pl.

Pennant, M.J. 1777. Crustacea, Mollusca, Testacea. British Zoology, London, 154 pp.

Rathbun, M.J. 1900. Results of the Branner-Agassiz Expedition to Brazil. I. The decapod and stomatopod Crustacea. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences 2: 135-156.

Rodrigues-da-Costa, H. 1960. Pachycheles haigae, nueva especie de la familia Porcellanidae (Crustacea, Anomura). Neotropica 6: 21-24.

Rodrigues-da-Costa, H. 1965. Porcellanidae brasileiros. 1. Gênero Pachycheles Stimpson 1858. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello-Leitão 25: 11-15.

Rodrigues-da-Costa, H. 1968. Novas espécies de Porcellanidae brasileiros (Crustacea, Anomura). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 40: 405-406.

Say, T. 1818. Appendix to the account of the Crustacea of the United States. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1: 445-458.

Schmitt, W. 1935. Crustacea Macrura and Anomura of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York, New York Academy of Sciences 11: 125-227, text-figs. 1-80.

Silva, B.M.G., A.C. Braga & F. D'Incao. 1989. Porcellanidae (Decapoda, Anomura) de Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 69: 131-146.

Stimpson, W. 1858. Prodomus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum. Pars VII. Crustacea Anomura. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 10: 225-252.

Stimpson, W. 1859. Notes on North American Crustacea, no. 1. Annals Lyceum of the Natural History of New York. 7: 49-93, 1 pl.

Veloso, V.G. & Melo, G.A.S. 1993. Taxonomia e distribuição da família Porcellanidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) no litoral brasileiro. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 75: 171-186.

Werding, B. 1978. Los porcelánidos (Crustacea: Anomura: Porcellanidae) de la región de Acandi (Golfo de Urabá). Con algunos encuentros nuevos de la región de Santa Maria (Colombia). Anales Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta de Betin 10: 213-221.

Werding, B. 1983. Kommensalische Porzellaniden aus der Karibik (Decapoda, Anomura). Crustaceana 45: 1-14.

Werding, B. 1984. Porcelanidos (Crustacea, Anomura, Porcellanidae) de la Isla de Providência, Colombia. Anales Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas de Punta de Betin 14: 3-16.

Williams, A.B. 1965. Marine decapod crustaceans of the Carolinas. Fishery Bulletin 65(1): 1-298.

Williams, A.B. 1984. Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 545pp.




 VELOSO, V.G., 1998. Malacostraca - Eucarida. Porcellanidae. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 399-405. (Série Livros n. 6).




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